The eye injuries - Chemicals in the eye.
Each year thousands are eye injuries caused by strong chemicals and cleaning chemicals such as bleaches, detergents, oven cleaners, etc.
Chemicals in the eyes can cause severe pain. These products can cause loss of vision if splashed into the eyes and painful burns to the eye and to the skin around the eye.
If a chemical enters the eye, treat the situation as emergency to reduce the risk of permanent damage.

Rinse immediately and thoroughly with saline solution or water (preferably warm) using a cup or jug, holding the eye open gently pulling the eyelids. Alternatively, you can use the shower.


In factories and laboratories were use chemicals required in addition to the precautions to be specific mechanisms of removal of chemicals from eyes and the rest of the body.
Of particular value is the careful cleaning of the spaces between the bulb and the internal surface of the upper and lower eyelid. Be careful not to get a chemical in contact with the other eye or face. Put then gauze or a clean tissue without pressure and keep the eye closed.
If you are stuck in bulb chemical particles, do not try to remove them.
If the victim wearing contact lenses, do not try for any reason to remove them.
For harmless substances (e.g. sunscreen, hair spray), irrigation only needs to be carried out for 2-3 minutes.
For stronger chemicals that cause more irritation and stinging (e.g. ammonia, vinegar, alcohol or bleach), irrigate the eye for 5-10 minutes.
For acids, irrigate the eye continuously for 10 minutes.
For alkalis, irrigate the eye continuously for 20 minutes.
In a few minutes, begin to rinse the unaffected eye, because the rinsing process could wash some of the chemical into the unaffected eye.
Especially dangerous are the construction materials and cleansing substances, especially detergents containing ammonia.
Never wash with antidotes because the chemical reaction can cause greater damage.
If you put soap in the eye, the discomfort is quite intense, but usually there is no risk.
The pepper spray used as a personal protection device causes intense pain and lacrimation. Usually these symptoms subside in 30 minutes without causing permanent damage.

In the case of chemical contact with eyes, after first aid, always consult the eye doctor for further treatment.
Do not forget to give your doctor the bottle of the chemical dropped into the eye, or simply give her name.


At home:
Detergents, cleaning fluid, nail polish remover, pesticides, caustic liquids and sprays must be placed in a safe place away from children.

Follow the instructions carefully when using detergents and cleaning liquid ammonia. When using sprays, direct the nozzle away from your eyes.

At work:

Wear sunglasses whenever you use chemicals.
When using chemicals to make sure there is good ventilation in the workplace.
Avoid situations where chemicals are under pressure.
Use less hazardous products whenever possible.
Wash your hands thoroughly when finished using chemicals and before touching the face or eyes
Do not bend over the car battery time you connect cables.